October is Mi'kmaq History Month

Mi’kmaq History Month is held every October in Nova Scotia. It is a time to recognize and celebrate Mi’kmaw culture and heritage, beginning with Treaty Day on October 1. Treaty Day commemorates the Treaty of 1752 between the people of Mi’kma’ki and the Crown. This treaty was intended to show the Crown’s intentions to make peace, provide trading posts, and protect the land and way of life for the Mi’kmaw people.

Mi’kmaq History Month 2018 commemorates sma’knisk, the Mi’kmaw warriors and soldiers who fought in World War I. More than 200 Mi’kmaw sma’knisk from across Atlantic Canada enlisted to serve; at least 89 were from Nova Scotia. They chose to serve a country that did not recognize them as citizens, and risked their First Nation status during enlistment, as one could not be a Canadian citizen and have status as a First Nation person at this time. Wela’liek sma’knisk, we honour you for your courage and dedication that protected generations to come. 

During October, schools will hold special events to recognize this month, in addition to learning about and honouring Mi’kmaw culture throughout the year. 

This month and throughout the year, we recognize the contributions of Mi’kmaw people to Nova Scotia and the importance of treaties as both the building blocks of Canada and living documents that affect everyone in Canada today.

For more information on Mi'kmaq History Month, visit

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